Pregnant (not) is worth eating for two
Endocrinologist, specialist on hormonal disorders Teresa Hillier (Teresa Hillier) together with colleagues for 10 years conducted a special study: they monitored the health of 13 thousand children who were born with normal weight1. Teresa Hillier also studied the behavior of mothers during pregnancy.
Between 2 and 10 years, 49% of children weighed more than the norm, and 29% diagnosed obesity. As it turned out, it directly depended on how much weight their mother had gained during pregnancy. Women who had diabetes during pregnancy were born with children with a high (29%) risk of obesity by 10 years. And if a woman during pregnancy gained more than 18 kg, the risk of obesity in her child increased to 16%.
"When a woman gains weight during pregnancy, the baby in the womb adapts to an over-saturated environment, and as a result, his metabolism changes"
"When a woman gains more weight during pregnancy, the process begins, which I call" the print of obesity, "says Teresa Hillier. "A child in the womb adapts to an over-saturated environment, and as a result, his metabolism changes."In the study, Teresa Hillier, 20% of expectant mothers received more than 18 kg during pregnancy. While doctors do not recommend women to gain more than 11-15 kg. At the same time, about 12% of women, having submitted tests for diabetes, received overestimated results, although they did not face this disease. And 5% diagnosed the so-called "diabetes mellitus pregnant."
Interestingly, the propensity to obesity is even in those children who were born with normal weight. It turns out that the expression "a pregnant woman can eat for two" is a dangerous myth. Such behavior can cause serious harm not only to the mother, but also to the child.
What to do? "In the first place - to control weight during pregnancy and try not to exceed the rate set by your doctor - recommends Teresa Hillier. - After birth, it is important to breastfeed the baby, preferably up to 6-8 months: everyone knows that breastfeeding reduces the risk of obesity and diabetes in infants. "
In addition, the diet and sports loads need to be monitored not only during pregnancy, but also before it. As for the baby's diet, it also requires your close attention.
1 T. Hillier et al.«Impact of Maternal Glucose and Gestational Weight Gain on Child Obesity over the First Decade of Life in Normal Birth Weight Infants», Springer Link, an online publication, 6 May 2016.