Natural energy: what's the use?


The most famous among them - ginseng, lemongrass, golden root (rhodiola rosea), aralia, eleutherococcus, levzeya.

Studies have shown: these plants do not just cause a surge of vivacity and increase efficiency. After their reception, the body's resistance to adverse external influences grows. Acceleration of adaptation to physical and mental overload, cold, heat, nervous stress, lack of oxygen and other extreme factors. Therefore, plants of this group are called adaptogens. Preparations from these plants restore the altered functions of the body to normal. Therefore adaptogens are most effective at mental and physical overfatigue: they increase working capacity in 1,5-2 times. And, unlike doping, do not turn off the regulatory functions of the nervous system. Their reception increases concentration, memory, improves appetite and, oddly enough, sleep (the latter, of course, if the drug is used in the morning in a moderate dosage).

Adaptogens can not be used with increased nervous excitability, hypertension, acute infectious diseases, high temperature.

read also Stress and energy of qi: three keys to healing Spices

Spices, of course, a huge variety, among them - onion, garlic, ginger, pepper, rosemary, coriander, horseradish, mustard ... The aroma of each spice is specific, and the taste is often acute, burning. They have long been considered a wonderful tonic. And the oils contained in spices have antioxidant properties. Neutral chemicals of burning spices also have antibacterial action. Studies have shown that the natural ingredients found in onions and garlic help to lower cholesterol and blood pressure. According to other studies, these acute products contribute to the prevention of cancer and stimulate the functioning of the immune system.

read also The colors of Dr. Bach Nutrients

Biogenic stimulators are substances that accumulate in the tissues of plants and animals under the influence of unfavorable environmental conditions. The most famous plants in which they are contained are aloe and a large (hare cabbage). Biogenic stimulants spur the metabolism, activate the protective and regenerative functions of the body.

According to some reports, the main role in these substances is played by carboxylic acids: succinic, oxalic, malic, citric, tartaric and others.Probably, this explains the toning properties of grapes, rhubarb, gooseberries - champions in the content of amber and malic acid.

read also Waking internal energy Hormone-active plants

Licorice and string - the most famous of plants that stimulate the formation of hormones in the body. In the roots of licorice contains acids, which are similar in structure to the hormones of the adrenal cortex. Therefore, the licorice root has corticosteroid-like, anti-inflammatory properties, normalizes metabolism, relieves fatigue.

And flower pollen has a hormonal effect. It is a natural, physiologically active food product. In addition to important nutrients and trace elements, which are necessary to maintain efficiency, pollen contains phytoandrogens (male sex hormones) of plants. They have anabolic effect, increase muscle strength and stimulate mental work.

Read also Awaken the body, refresh the mindAwaken the body, refresh the mind

Movement clears us of toxins, as if "airing" the body from the inside, giving it a second wind.Four exercises to help your body change the rhythm of life from winter to spring.

A little happy lifeA little happy life

Achieve success, become successful - in our days everyone is dreaming about it? The New York Times asked readers to send short essays describing their purpose in life and how they found it. The results were amazing.

Text: Prepared by Maria Fedotova
Подробнее

A little happy life


"I was sunk into the soul of the words of one person whom the journalist asked to show the most expensive thing in his life. Excited and proud, he responded by taking out a battered tin bowler that he kept, gently wrapped in a soft cloth, as if it were something fragile. A confused journalist asked him why a dull, dilapidated bowler was of the greatest value to him. "Because he carries a message," he replied. "The message is that we do not have to shine all as one."

His words helped me internally to free myself - there is no need to engage in life with something prestigious and important, for which I will reap praise and feel realized. The meaning of life for me in another. I always wanted to be kind, naturally, effortlessly, how to breathe. I wanted to raise children who will be kind. Perhaps the goal of life is not at all that you must have a goal. Everywhere around us, there are seemingly insignificant events that, if we look closely, give us the opportunity to show kindness and generosity. We are growing spiritually and emotionally with such microscopic steps. "

read also

Why do we need "little joys"

2. "My goal is to remain a man"

"I was one of those whose goal in life is clearly defined and understandable. My goal is to heal the sick and save lives. But in the end, I lost myself. Now I just want to remain a person, a person. I can answer your phone call and say thirty minutes, because you are having a hard time. I can do it today and again in a few days, as long as I need it. I can listen to your complaints to a colleague. I can look into your eyes and give you a couple of dollars near the parking lot. I'm not upset if you cry. I no longer drown in your grief, so I can help you to come to the surface and support you - as long as you do not find other people to help, or another way to go further. Helping others no longer rips off my skin, I do not fade. It's easy for me to help. "

3. "Small decisions in life are more important than big ones"

"I came to the conclusion that the so-called" big solutions "at the output have much less impact on our life as a whole than a billion small, seemingly unimportant decisions. I have always admired single-minded, persistent, successful, determined personalities. They translate dreams into reality, push the world forward, think and act in a big way.But for myself, I always wanted to write the purpose of life in a smaller font. And I'm happy with how I live. I have an amazing wife, five children, a number of friends whom I met back in school, in the army, the institute, friends-neighbors and the most wonderful thing in life - horses, dogs and cats. For forty years now, I have been holding a small business and managing them according to the principle that I call "Christian capitalism".

Read alsoThese families have their own traditions 4. "The consequences of our actions are often unpredictable and accidental"

"I am 85 years old, and I feel the question of the meaning of life particularly acute. The Second World War and life in general taught me that the consequences of our actions or inaction are often completely unpredictable and accidental. I am grateful that I live. I feel responsible to myself and others to live every day meaningfully. I enjoy communicating with my family (true, not with everyone) and the ever decreasing number of old friends. My garden helps me stay in the stream of life. Last winter turned out to be harsh in our lands, and many plants died, but to my surprise, roses and clematis survived. They rose again, like greens, spinach and tomatoes in the new greenhouse.Cherry tree in front of the house under the weight of the lived years. I need to have time to plant a new tree this year. "

Of course, not everyone agrees with such a scale of goals - "small" life is not suitable for everyone. But there is something unspeakably beautiful, lasting, earthly and correct in cultivating a small garden.

For more details, see the website of the newspaper.

read also

The Third Way to Happiness

Text: Ksenia Tatarnikova
Подробнее

Natural energy: what's the use?


The most famous among them - ginseng, lemongrass, golden root (rhodiola rosea), aralia, eleutherococcus, levzeya.

Studies have shown: these plants do not just cause a surge of vivacity and increase efficiency. After their intake, the body's resistance to adverse external influences grows. Acceleration of adaptation to physical and mental overload, cold, heat, nervous stress, lack of oxygen and other extreme factors. Therefore, plants of this group are called adaptogens. Preparations from these plants restore the altered functions of the body to normal. Therefore adaptogens are most effective at mental and physical overfatigue: they increase working capacity in 1,5-2 times. And, unlike doping, do not turn off the regulatory functions of the nervous system. Their reception increases concentration, memory, improves appetite and, oddly enough, sleep (the latter, of course, if the drug is used in the morning in a moderate dosage).

Adaptogens can not be used with increased nervous excitability, hypertension, acute infectious diseases, high temperature.

read also Stress and energy of qi: three keys to healing Spices

Spices, of course, a huge variety, among them - onion, garlic, ginger, pepper, rosemary, coriander, horseradish, mustard ... The aroma of each spice is specific, and the taste is often acute, burning. They have long been considered a wonderful tonic. And the oils contained in spices have antioxidant properties. Neutral chemicals of burning spices also have antibacterial action. Studies have shown that the natural ingredients found in onions and garlic help to lower cholesterol and blood pressure. According to other studies, these acute products contribute to the prevention of cancer and stimulate the functioning of the immune system.

read also The colors of Dr. Bach Nutrients

Biogenic stimulators are substances that accumulate in the tissues of plants and animals under the influence of unfavorable environmental conditions. The most famous plants in which they are contained are aloe and a large (hare cabbage). Biogenic stimulants spur the metabolism, activate the protective and regenerative functions of the body.

According to some reports, the main role in these substances is played by carboxylic acids: succinic, oxalic, malic, citric, tartaric and others.Probably, this explains the toning properties of grapes, rhubarb, gooseberries - champions in the content of amber and malic acid.

read also Waking internal energy Hormone-active plants

Licorice and string - the most famous of plants that stimulate the formation of hormones in the body. In the roots of licorice contains acids, which are similar in structure to the hormones of the adrenal cortex. Therefore, the licorice root has corticosteroid-like, anti-inflammatory properties, normalizes metabolism, relieves fatigue.

And flower pollen has a hormonal effect. It is a natural, physiologically active food product. In addition to important nutrients and trace elements, which are necessary to maintain efficiency, pollen contains phytoandrogens (male sex hormones) of plants. They have anabolic effect, increase muscle strength and stimulate mental work.

Read also Awaken the body, refresh the mindAwaken the body, refresh the mind

Movement clears us of toxins, as if "airing" the body from the inside, giving it a second wind.Four exercises to help your body change the rhythm of life from winter to spring.

A little happy lifeA little happy life

Achieve success, become successful - in our days everyone is dreaming about it? The New York Times asked readers to send short essays describing their purpose in life and how they found it. The results were amazing.

Text: Prepared by Maria Fedotova
Подробнее

Hunger deprives us of self-control


According to scientists, in the human brain exactly the same processes occur when we begin to develop hungry ghrelin. As a result, we become impulsive - first, we act without thinking, and secondly, it is more difficult for us to resist the temptation to enjoy here and now, even if we understand that we should not do this (the simplest example of such pleasure is sweet before dinner) .

Scientists also found that by blocking the action of ghrelin in the brain of rats, they can make their behavior less impulsive. Many mental disorders are associated with excessive impulsiveness and lack of self-control - in particular, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive syndrome (OCD), autism, drug and alcohol dependence. Perhaps in the future, researchers will be able to develop new drugs that block the effect of ghrelin, which can help in the treatment of these disorders. But healthy people should remember that it is better to make any decisions, having had a snack or dinner.

For more details, see R. Anderberg et al.The Stomach-Derived Hormone Ghrelin Increases Impulsive Behavior, Neuropsychopharmacology, April 2016.

Read also Eight ways to lose weight for very busy peopleEight ways to lose weight for very busy people

Even if you do not have any free minutes, the author of the book "Zero Belly" David Zinchenko has something to offer you. Execution of each item of its program will take you from a couple of seconds to ten minutes.

The brain prevents to keep to a dietThe brain prevents to keep to a diet

It turns out that in the agonizing sense of hunger, which forces us to run to the refrigerator without end, the brain neurons are "to blame." They prevent us from keeping to a diet, scientists believe.

When we are hungry, we become impulsive, it is more difficult for us to resist the temptation to enjoy here and now

Text: Nikolay Protsenko
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Seasonal depression does not exist


Beginning his work, psychologist Stephen Lobello of the University of Auburn (Alabama) and his colleagues did not set themselves the task to refute the existence of this disorder. They wanted only to more accurately determine the time interval when the ATS is exacerbated, and find out how much its manifestations vary from season to season. In addition, they were interested in whether the prevalence of ATS depends on a particular latitude. "We assumed that in the northern latitudes, because of a short light day in winter, this depression is more common," says Lobello.

Researchers have not been able to detect correlations between the depressive state and the duration of daylight hours

To this end, data from a single large-scale population survey conducted in 2006 by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were analyzed, in which respondents answered questions commonly used to diagnose depression. Researchers were primarily interested in the date of the survey and the location of the respondent. In each case, they determined the duration of a day's light at this place on the day of interview.

As data were processed, it became clear that no correlation was found between the depressed state, the time of year and the duration of daylight. The researchers at first did not believe in themselves and assumed that they accidentally missed this relationship - they had to process too much data. Therefore, they further analyzed the responses of those respondents who had been diagnosed with depression. Nevertheless, no data that would indicate a seasonal disorder was still found.

Normal 0 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

Maybe the answers were unreliable because the survey was conducted by phone? This version also disappeared, because other patterns characteristic of those suffering from depression in the survey were fully apparent (for example, the fact that women and unemployed are more likely to suffer depression).

How to explain the results of this study? Perhaps it's about the questions. Researchers have previously wondered with what time of year the depression is more often associated and at what latitudes it is more prevalent. But in earlier surveys the questions were related to the SAR and, perhaps, involuntarily pushed the respondents to the given answer.And in the survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 8 standard questions were included to identify a major depressive disorder, while no special questions related to ATS were asked.

Lobello and his co-authors do not make any categorical conclusions from the results (it is clear that these data need further verification). However, it can not be ruled out that the extent of the seasonal affective disorder is greatly exaggerated and that in fact they are affected by the units, while other patients are not correctly diagnosed, Lobello suggests.

For more information, see scientificamerican.com

Read also How mood affects brain work <br/>How mood affects the brain

We each have successful and unsuccessful days. Sometimes we live with the feeling that "they have risen on the wrong foot", the whole world seems gray and dull, and alarming thoughts come into my head. Of course, on such days it can be difficult to concentrate on work. But how much do such mood swings affect our performance?

Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"

Actor and writer Stephen Fry knows about depression first-hand: on the verge of despair, he twice committed suicide attempts.In response to the request of a teenage girl to tell what helped him to find peace of mind, he wrote a letter about how to find light inside himself when it seems that the dark times will not end.

Text: Prepared by Alina Nikolskaya
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Sapioexuals: lovers of intelligence


"We are talking about metrosexuals, sapiosexuals, but it is important to understand: all this has nothing to do with sexual orientation or some other fundamental element of human sexuality. Just from time to time there are certain types, especially in the images of a popular culture, to which we could orient in our choice, "says sexologist Yevgeny Kashchenko. But why did they start talking about sapiosexuals right now?

"It's just a new name, while the phenomenon itself has been known for a long time," says psychologist and life coach Jose Herrera. - Like metrosexuals, who became a modern reincarnation of dandy from the XIX century, Sapiosexuals also had analogues in other epochs.

As a rule, the enthusiasm for the mind, rationality and complexity of judgments was at the peak at the time of technological advancement, when scientists, inventors, and rationalizers became idols. Today, when technology develops particularly rapidly, such a reaction in society looks quite natural. "

The right to freedom

If we turn to the heroes, whose image has already become canonical for sapiosexuals, we will find they have many frankly contradictory and even unattractive features.Dr. House, Sherlock, theoretical physicist Sheldon Cooper from The Big Bang Theory - all these heroes can not boast of impressive physical data, nor charming manners, nor noble character. On the contrary, they often do not follow themselves, disdain for others and generally allow themselves too much extra.

Sapioexuals: lovers of intelligenceA shot from the series "The Big Bang Theory"

But in this and their charm - is that they can afford many things. Moreover - without eccentric behavior they would look less effective. When Sherlock plays a trick on the intimacy of his friend John Watson, as well as authorities, police and criminals, he once again confirms his authority over them.

Being only a private consultant, that is not having high status, power and money, he, nevertheless, is on top due to his inalienable quality - intellect. And moreover - he despises formal regalia, preferring to remain independent and always engage in only what he is interested in. And this is a luxury.

The universal criterion

There is one more reason why the mind as an indicator of sexual attractiveness comes to the forefront right now."Today, the usual medium for communication among young people has become forums, chat rooms and social networks," says José Herrera. - Electronic communication, instant messages - all this limits the tools of seduction, such as body language, intonation, gaze.

But simultaneously the role of the text increases. From how well you know how to express your thoughts, how witty and accurate your comments are, your success depends on others. "

It turns out that in a world where information becomes the main value, parameters such as gender, age, personal status and even external attractiveness are less important. "Each of us at birth receives a body and can perfect it, but there are limits too. And to develop intelligence can be in a much larger range, "- emphasizes Herrera.

In addition, the intellect is also a convenient platform on which you can build relationships in the future. "If we talk about harmonious relations, then, of course, the union of two smart, intellectually developed people is favorable," says Yevgeny Kashchenko. "Both partners know what they want, and in this sense it is easier for them to avoid situations of misunderstanding."

Read also Mind games: be smart fashionable!Mind games: be smart fashionable!

"Think! Brains - that's what's sexy now, "- calls Sherlock, the main movie hero of the 2010s. Intellectual entertainment is becoming more popular. We spend evenings at table games like skrabla, in large cities there are quizzes of the format "What? Where? When?". Let's try to understand why it became fashionable again.

45 ways to change life. Select at least 10 for yourself45 ways to change life. Select at least 10 for yourself

Perhaps, there are few people who are 100% satisfied with life. What prevents it from changing? We are sure that this requires resources, which we do not have. Life coach Eliz Santilli teaches you to establish contact with yourself and realize your dreams. She made a list of habits that help live a fuller, bright and happy life.

Text: Anton Soldatov Photo source: Getty Images
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Подробнее

Seasonal depression does not exist


Beginning his work, psychologist Stephen Lobello of the University of Auburn (Alabama) and his colleagues did not set themselves the task to refute the existence of this disorder. They wanted only to more accurately determine the time interval when the ATS is exacerbated, and find out how much its manifestations vary from season to season. In addition, they were interested in whether the prevalence of ATS depends on a particular latitude. "We assumed that in the northern latitudes, because of a short light day in winter, this depression is more common," says Lobello.

Researchers have not been able to detect correlations between the depressive state and the duration of daylight hours

To this end, data from a single large-scale population survey conducted in 2006 by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were analyzed, in which respondents answered questions commonly used to diagnose depression. Researchers were primarily interested in the date of the survey and the location of the respondent. In each case, they determined the duration of a day's light at this place on the day of interview.

As data were processed, it became clear that no correlation was found between the depressed state, the time of year and the duration of daylight. The researchers at first did not believe in themselves and assumed that they accidentally missed this relationship - they had to process too much data. Therefore, they further analyzed the responses of those respondents who had been diagnosed with depression. Nevertheless, no data that would indicate a seasonal disorder was still found.

Normal 0 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

Maybe the answers were unreliable because the survey was conducted by phone? This version also disappeared, because other patterns characteristic of those suffering from depression in the survey were fully apparent (for example, the fact that women and unemployed are more likely to suffer depression).

How to explain the results of this study? Perhaps it's about the questions. Researchers have previously wondered with what time of year the depression is more often associated and at what latitudes it is more prevalent. But in earlier surveys the questions were related to the SAR and, perhaps, involuntarily pushed the respondents to the given answer.And in the survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 8 standard questions were included to identify a major depressive disorder, while no special questions related to ATS were asked.

Lobello and his co-authors do not make any categorical conclusions from the results (it is clear that these data need further verification). However, it can not be ruled out that the extent of the seasonal affective disorder is greatly exaggerated and that in fact they are affected by the units, while other patients are not correctly diagnosed, Lobello suggests.

For more information, see scientificamerican.com

Read also How mood affects brain work <br/>How mood affects the brain

We each have successful and unsuccessful days. Sometimes we live with the feeling that "they have risen on the wrong foot", the whole world seems gray and dull, and alarming thoughts come into my head. Of course, on such days it can be difficult to concentrate on work. But how much do such mood swings affect our performance?

Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"

Actor and writer Stephen Fry knows about depression first-hand: on the verge of despair, he twice committed suicide attempts.In response to the request of a teenage girl to tell what helped him to find peace of mind, he wrote a letter about how to find light inside himself when it seems that the dark times will not end.

Text: Prepared by Alina Nikolskaya
Подробнее

Seasonal depression does not exist


Beginning his work, psychologist Stephen Lobello of the University of Auburn (Alabama) and his colleagues did not set themselves the task to refute the existence of this disorder. They wanted only to more accurately determine the time interval when the ATS is exacerbated, and find out how much its manifestations vary from season to season. In addition, they were interested in whether the prevalence of ATS depends on a particular latitude. "We assumed that in the northern latitudes, because of a short light day in winter, this depression is more common," says Lobello.

Researchers have not been able to detect correlations between the depressive state and the duration of daylight hours

To this end, data from a single large-scale population survey conducted in 2006 by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was analyzed, in which respondents answered questions commonly used to diagnose depression. Researchers were primarily interested in the date of the survey and the location of the respondent. In each case, they determined the duration of a day's light at this place on the day of interview.

As data were processed, it became clear that no correlation was found between the depressed state, the time of year and the duration of daylight. The researchers at first did not believe in themselves and assumed that they accidentally missed this relationship - they had to process too much data. Therefore, they further analyzed the responses of those respondents who had been diagnosed with depression. Nevertheless, no data that would indicate a seasonal disorder was still found.

Normal 0 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

Maybe the answers were unreliable because the survey was conducted by phone? This version also disappeared, because other patterns characteristic of those suffering from depression in the survey were fully apparent (for example, the fact that women and unemployed are more likely to suffer depression).

How to explain the results of this study? Perhaps it's about the questions. Researchers have previously wondered with what time of year the depression is more often associated and at what latitudes it is more prevalent. But in earlier surveys the questions were related to the SAR and, perhaps, involuntarily pushed the respondents to the given answer.And in the survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 8 standard questions were included to identify a major depressive disorder, while no special questions related to ATS were asked.

Lobello and his co-authors do not make any categorical conclusions from the results (it is clear that these data need further verification). However, it can not be ruled out that the extent of the seasonal affective disorder is greatly exaggerated and that in fact they are affected by the units, while other patients are not correctly diagnosed, Lobello suggests.

For more information, see scientificamerican.com

Read also How mood affects brain work <br/>How mood affects the brain

We each have successful and unsuccessful days. Sometimes we live with the feeling that we "got up on the wrong foot", the whole world seems gray and dull, and anxious thoughts come into my head. Of course, on such days it can be difficult to concentrate on work. But how much do such mood swings affect our performance?

Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"

Actor and writer Stephen Fry knows about depression firsthand: on the verge of despair, he twice committed suicide attempts.In response to the request of a teenage girl to tell what helped him to find peace of mind, he wrote a letter about how to find light inside himself when it seems that the dark times will not end.

Text: Prepared by Alina Nikolskaya
Подробнее

Seasonal depression does not exist


Beginning his work, psychologist Stephen Lobello of the University of Auburn (Alabama) and his colleagues did not set themselves the task to refute the existence of this disorder. They wanted only to more accurately determine the time interval when the ATS is exacerbated, and find out how much its manifestations vary from season to season. In addition, they were interested in whether the prevalence of ATS depends on a particular latitude. "We assumed that in the northern latitudes, because of a short light day in winter, this depression is more common," says Lobello.

Researchers have not been able to detect correlations between the depressive state and the duration of daylight hours

To this end, data from a single large-scale population survey conducted in 2006 by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were analyzed, in which respondents answered questions commonly used to diagnose depression. Researchers were primarily interested in the date of the survey and the location of the respondent. In each case, they determined the duration of a day's light at this place on the day of interview.

As data were processed, it became clear that no correlation was found between the depressed state, the time of year and the duration of daylight. The researchers at first did not believe in themselves and assumed that they accidentally missed this relationship - they had to process too much data. Therefore, they further analyzed the responses of those respondents who had been diagnosed with depression. Nevertheless, no data that would indicate a seasonal disorder was still found.

Normal 0 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

Maybe the answers were unreliable because the survey was conducted by phone? This version also disappeared, because other patterns characteristic of those suffering from depression in the survey were fully apparent (for example, the fact that women and unemployed are more likely to suffer depression).

How to explain the results of this study? Perhaps it's about the questions. Researchers have previously wondered with what time of year the depression is more often associated and at what latitudes it is more prevalent. But in earlier surveys the questions were related to the SAR and, perhaps, involuntarily pushed the respondents to the given answer.And in the survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 8 standard questions were included to identify a major depressive disorder, while no special questions related to ATS were asked.

Lobello and his co-authors do not make any categorical conclusions from the results (it is clear that these data need further verification). However, it can not be ruled out that the extent of the seasonal affective disorder is greatly exaggerated and that in fact they are affected by the units, while other patients are not correctly diagnosed, Lobello suggests.

For more information, see scientificamerican.com

Read also How mood affects brain work <br/>How mood affects the brain

We each have successful and unsuccessful days. Sometimes we live with the feeling that we "got up on the wrong foot", the whole world seems gray and dull, and anxious thoughts come into my head. Of course, on such days it can be difficult to concentrate on work. But how much do such mood swings affect our performance?

Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"

Actor and writer Stephen Fry knows about depression firsthand: on the verge of despair, he twice committed suicide attempts.In response to the request of a teenage girl to tell what helped him to find peace of mind, he wrote a letter about how to find light inside himself when it seems that the dark times will not end.

Text: Prepared by Alina Nikolskaya
Подробнее

Seasonal depression does not exist


Beginning his work, psychologist Stephen Lobello from the University of Auburn (Alabama) and his colleagues did not set themselves the task to refute the existence of this disorder. They wanted only to more accurately determine the time interval when the ATS is exacerbated, and find out how much its manifestations vary from season to season. In addition, they were interested in whether the prevalence of ATS depends on a particular latitude. "We assumed that in the northern latitudes, because of a short light day in winter, this depression is more common," says Lobello.

Researchers have not been able to detect correlations between the depressive state and the duration of daylight hours

To this end, data from a single large-scale population survey conducted in 2006 by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was analyzed, in which respondents answered questions commonly used to diagnose depression. Researchers were primarily interested in the date of the survey and the location of the respondent. In each case, they determined the duration of a day's light at this place on the day of interview.

As data were processed, it became clear that no correlation was found between the depressed state, the time of year and the duration of daylight. The researchers at first did not believe in themselves and assumed that they accidentally missed this relationship - they had to process too much data. Therefore, they further analyzed the responses of those respondents who had been diagnosed with depression. Nevertheless, no data that would indicate a seasonal disorder was still found.

Normal 0 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

Maybe the answers were unreliable because the survey was conducted by phone? This version also disappeared, because other patterns characteristic of those suffering from depression in the survey were fully apparent (for example, the fact that women and unemployed are more likely to suffer depression).

How to explain the results of this study? Perhaps it's about the questions. Researchers have previously wondered with what time of year the depression is more often associated and at what latitudes it is more prevalent. But in earlier surveys the questions were related to the SAR and, perhaps, involuntarily pushed the respondents to the given answer.And in the survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 8 standard questions were included to identify a major depressive disorder, while no special questions related to ATS were asked.

Lobello and his co-authors do not make any categorical conclusions from the results (it is clear that these data need further verification). However, it can not be ruled out that the extent of the seasonal affective disorder is greatly exaggerated and that in fact they are affected by the units, while other patients are not correctly diagnosed, Lobello suggests.

For more information, see scientificamerican.com

Read also How mood affects brain work <br/>How mood affects the brain

We each have successful and unsuccessful days. Sometimes we live with the feeling that "they have risen on the wrong foot", the whole world seems gray and dull, and alarming thoughts come into my head. Of course, on such days it can be difficult to concentrate on work. But how much do such mood swings affect our performance?

Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"Stephen Fry: "Once the sun comes out again"

Actor and writer Stephen Fry knows about depression first-hand: on the verge of despair, he twice committed suicide attempts.In response to the request of a teenage girl to tell what helped him to find peace of mind, he wrote a letter about how to find light inside himself when it seems that the dark times will not end.

Text: Prepared by Alina Nikolskaya
Подробнее