The data show that chess lessons in childhood correlate with high performance in the future. In one study it was demonstrated that students who knew how to play chess had better academic performance, especially in mathematics, they also had better developed spatial and non-verbal thinking.
For more details, see J. Smith, W. Cage, "PMC, online publication August 8, 2014," The Effects of Chess instruction on the mathematics of the southern, rural, black secondary students. "
Chess players use both hemispheres of the brain
When analyzing the work of the brain of strong players, it turned out that when thinking about moves, both hemispheres of the brain work: the right hemisphere, better adapted to visual perception, recognizes patterned situations on the board based on the experience of past games, and the left analyzes the possible moves.
For more details see M. BilaliД‡ et al. "Mechanisms and neural basis of object and pattern recognition: a study with chess experts", Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 2010.
Play boardgamesChess teaches us to think like a computer
The author of the article suggested that players in strategic board games, such as chess, learn to think like computers. The fact is that these games require "computer thinking" - they follow a set of relatively simple rules,while they need to constantly make decisions based on large amounts of information.
For more information, see M. Berland, "Understanding Strategic Boardgames as Computational-Thinking Training Machines", Carnegie Mellon University ETC Press, 2011.
Good players are good at solving problems
Psychologists at the University of Constance in Germany conducted a study and found that grandmasters, pondering the moves, use the frontal lobes of the brain - this area is connected with the solution of problems. Probably, these players were able to recognize patterned situations and take appropriate decisions on their background. But players of the amateur level involved a medial temporal lobe associated with the formation of long-term memory.
For more details, see O. Amidzic et al. "Pattern of focal gamma bursts in chess players", Nature, 2001.
A game of chess protects against Alzheimer's disease
The study showed that older people over 75, playing chess or other strategic board games, are less at risk of dementia and other memory problems.
For more details, see J. Verghese et al. "Leisure activities and the risk of dementia in the elderly", New England Journal of Medicine, 2003.
Fish against Alzheimer's and dementia
The right-hander and the left-hander: whose brain works faster?Text: Nikolay Protsenko