7 facts about depression


According to the World Health Organization, every twentieth adult inhabitant of the planet suffers from depression today. And over the years this mental disorder becomes more and more common and dangerous *.

1. Women suffer from depression more often than men

Depression affects both sexes, but women face it about twice as often as men - about 70% of antidepressant prescriptions doctors prescribe to women. Its influence is exerted both by biochemistry (after all, some of the mechanisms of the development of depression involve female hormones - estrogens), as well as a large number of social roles belonging to women and associated with these roles responsibility. However, partly this "gender inequality" is explained by the fact that men are less likely to turn to psychologists and, as a consequence, the cases of depression that has befallen them simply do not fall into statistics. Depression is one of the most important risks that threaten the mental health of women between the ages of 18 and 35-40. In developing countries, every tenth young mother suffers from postnatal depression, and about half of them do not receive the necessary medical care at all.In developed countries, the risk is different: the excessive use of antidepressant drugs by women without prescribing a doctor, leading to dependence.

M. Marcus et al. "Depression: A Global Public Health Concern". WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, 2012.

E. McGrath et al. "Women and depression: Risk factors and treatment issues". American Psychological Association, 1990.

2. In the development of depression plays the role of genetics

If one of your parents, brother or sister survived depression, the likelihood that you will face this problem is 2-3 times higher than in those people whose close relatives have never been exposed to this disease. There is no "depressive gene", however, a predisposition is caused by a whole complex of different genes. The risk of developing the disease is often due to the low content of the "hormone of joy" in the blood - serotonin (the action of many antidepressants is based on the stabilization of the level of serotonin in the blood). The more pronounced depression is, the higher the probability that its occurrence has a certain genetic basis. Of other causes that predispose to depression already in childhood, it is possible to mention non-genetic ones - for example, humiliations, which the child was subjected to in childhood, and early loss of parents.

P. McGuffin et al."Whole genome linkage scan of recurrent depressive disorder from the Depression Network Study." Human Molecular Genetics, 2005.

A. Farmer "Humiliation, loss and other types of life events and difficulties: a comparison of depressed subjects, healthy controls and their siblings". Psychological Medicine, 2003.

3. Depression can not always be cured with medicines

Approximately every second of those who received a prescription from the doctor, is faced with the fact that the medicine the doctor prescribed was not helpful at all. There is even a special term "therapeutically resistant depression", which denotes just such a form of ailment - this diagnosis is put after six weeks of unsuccessful treatment, after which a new treatment is appointed - sometimes as unsuccessful as the previous one. By the way, it is here that genetics, apparently, plays an important role: how the brain and body are able to cope with the processes leading to the development of depression, leaves an imprint on the perception of the body of drugs. It is interesting that the more severe the depression, the more effective the medicines against it, the "cannon volley" helps against difficult cases, but with moderate forms it can even damage.

Jay C. Fournier et al. "Antidepressant Drug Effects and Depression Severity: A Patient-Level Meta-analysis." JAMA, 2010.

read also how to treat trees 4. Therapeutic conversation is more effective than drugs

A session of psychotherapy can help more than Zoloft or Prozac: if it is a question of moderate forms of depression, periodic visits to the therapist are more useful than medications.In any case, therapeutic conversation combined with drugs is more effective than just medication. And psychotherapy is absolutely indispensable for people to whom medicines are contraindicated, for example, pregnant or lactating women.

R. DeRubeis et al. "Cognitive therapy versus medication for depression: treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms." Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9.

5. Depression can cause hallucinations

Fantastic images that a person can see in reality are usually associated with more serious ailments - such as dementia or Parkinson's disease. However, depression is also capable of changing reality for the one who is exposed to it. Moreover, this symptom is widespread: about 20% of people suffering from depression have at least once faced with hallucinations. A study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry found that about half of those teenagers who hear mysterious voices in their heads suffer from various nonpsychotic disorders - in particular, depression. It is curious that in these cases doctors are more successful in using shock therapy than conventional means of treatment - for example, hallucinations, oddly enough, can often be cured by depriving the patient of sleep.

I. Kelleher et al."Clinicopathological significance of psychotic symptoms in non-psychotic young people: evidence from four population-based studies". British Journal of Psychiatry, April 2012.

6. Depression is often subject to creative personality

The biographers of many great people would agree with this fact: the famous musicians (Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig Beethoven), the painters (Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch), the writers (Edgar Poe, Jack London), the religious figures (Martin Luther ) and even politics (Winston Churchill). In the last decades of the 21st century, the first serious attempts were made to confirm this fact by statistics: for example, in a 1994 study, in-depth interviews were conducted with 59 authors of books participating in the Women Writers' Conference, which is held annually at the University of Kentucky (USA). It turned out that the majority of participants in the study are susceptible to various depressions, mania, panic attacks. Explanations for this phenomenon are offered different - from the hypothesis that a particular brain device allows people who are prone to depression to see and feel what others do not see (as a result of which they come to art), to the banal version that innate artistry predisposes people spend all the time on creativity,while the growing com- munity problems are deeper and deeper.

A. Ludwig "Mental illness and creative activity in female writers". American Journal of Psychiatry, 1994.

N. Andreasen "The relationship between creativity and mood disorders". Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, June 2008.

7. Depression in the future will be almost as dangerous as HIV

According to the WHO forecast, by 2030, depression will take second place among causes of disability (HIV will hold the palm tree). The greatest impact of depression will be on innovative economies: a protracted disease affects memory and ability to concentrate, which is more important for a programmer or engineer than, say, a cotton picker. And this despite the fact that medical systems even in developed countries are not effective enough to treat this disease: in medical insurance treatment for depression either does not turn on at all, or provides only basic and most often ineffective methods of drug treatment, while more modern require additional payment.

* World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Non-communicable Diseases 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.

read also Food for Depression Text: Ilya Nosyrev
Подробнее

7 facts about depression


According to the World Health Organization, every twentieth adult inhabitant of the planet suffers from depression today. And over the years this mental disorder becomes more and more common and dangerous *.

1. Women suffer from depression more often than men

Depression affects both sexes, but women face it about twice as often as men - about 70% of antidepressant prescriptions doctors prescribe to women. Its influence is exerted both by biochemistry (after all, some of the mechanisms of the development of depression involve female hormones - estrogens), as well as a large number of social roles belonging to women and associated with these roles responsibility. However, partly this "gender inequality" is explained by the fact that men are less likely to turn to psychologists and, as a consequence, the cases of depression that has befallen them simply do not fall into statistics. Depression is one of the most important risks that threaten the mental health of women between the ages of 18 and 35-40. In developing countries, every tenth young mother suffers from postnatal depression, and about half of them do not receive the necessary medical care at all.In developed countries, the risk is different: the excessive use of antidepressant drugs by women without prescribing a doctor, leading to dependence.

M. Marcus et al. "Depression: A Global Public Health Concern". WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, 2012.

E. McGrath et al. "Women and depression: Risk factors and treatment issues". American Psychological Association, 1990.

2. In the development of depression plays the role of genetics

If one of your parents, brother or sister survived depression, the likelihood that you will face this problem is 2-3 times higher than in those people whose close relatives have never been exposed to this disease. There is no "depressive gene", however, a predisposition is caused by a whole complex of different genes. The risk of developing the disease is often due to the low content of the "hormone of joy" in the blood - serotonin (the action of many antidepressants is based on the stabilization of the level of serotonin in the blood). The more pronounced depression is, the higher the probability that its occurrence has a certain genetic basis. Of other causes that predispose to depression already in childhood, it is possible to mention non-genetic ones - for example, humiliations, which the child was subjected to in childhood, and early loss of parents.

P. McGuffin et al."Whole genome linkage scan of recurrent depressive disorder from the Depression Network Study." Human Molecular Genetics, 2005.

A. Farmer "Humiliation, loss and other types of life events and difficulties: a comparison of depressed subjects, healthy controls and their siblings". Psychological Medicine, 2003.

3. Depression can not always be cured with medicines

Approximately every second of those who received a prescription from the doctor, is faced with the fact that the medicine the doctor prescribed was not helpful at all. There is even a special term "therapeutically resistant depression", which denotes just such a form of ailment - this diagnosis is put after six weeks of unsuccessful treatment, after which a new treatment is appointed - sometimes as unsuccessful as the previous one. By the way, it is here that genetics, apparently, plays an important role: how the brain and body are able to cope with the processes leading to the development of depression, leaves an imprint on the perception of the body of drugs. It is interesting that the more severe the depression, the more effective the medicines against it, the "cannon volley" helps against difficult cases, but with moderate forms it can even damage.

Jay C. Fournier et al. "Antidepressant Drug Effects and Depression Severity: A Patient-Level Meta-analysis." JAMA, 2010.

read also how to treat trees 4. Therapeutic conversation is more effective than drugs

A session of psychotherapy can help more than Zoloft or Prozac: if it is a question of moderate forms of depression, periodic visits to the therapist are more useful than medications.In any case, therapeutic conversation combined with drugs is more effective than just medication. And psychotherapy is absolutely indispensable for people to whom medicines are contraindicated, for example, pregnant or lactating women.

R. DeRubeis et al. "Cognitive therapy versus medication for depression: treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms." Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9.

5. Depression can cause hallucinations

Fantastic images that a person can see in reality are usually associated with more serious ailments - such as dementia or Parkinson's disease. However, depression is also capable of changing reality for the one who is exposed to it. Moreover, this symptom is widespread: about 20% of people suffering from depression have at least once faced with hallucinations. A study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry found that about half of those teenagers who hear mysterious voices in their heads suffer from various nonpsychotic disorders - in particular, depression. It is curious that in these cases doctors are more successful in using shock therapy than conventional means of treatment - for example, hallucinations, oddly enough, can often be cured by depriving the patient of sleep.

I. Kelleher et al."Clinicopathological significance of psychotic symptoms in non-psychotic young people: evidence from four population-based studies". British Journal of Psychiatry, April 2012.

6. Depression is often subject to creative personality

The biographers of many great people would agree with this fact: the famous musicians (Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig Beethoven), the painters (Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch), the writers (Edgar Poe, Jack London), the religious figures (Martin Luther ) and even politics (Winston Churchill). In the last decades of the 21st century, the first serious attempts were made to confirm this fact by statistics: for example, in a 1994 study, in-depth interviews were conducted with 59 authors of books participating in the Women Writers' Conference, which is held annually at the University of Kentucky (USA). It turned out that the majority of participants in the study are susceptible to various depressions, mania, panic attacks. Explanations for this phenomenon are offered different - from the hypothesis that a particular brain device allows people who are prone to depression to see and feel what others do not see (as a result of which they come to art), to the banal version that innate artistry predisposes people spend all the time on creativity,while the growing com- munity problems are deeper and deeper.

A. Ludwig "Mental illness and creative activity in female writers". American Journal of Psychiatry, 1994.

N. Andreasen "The relationship between creativity and mood disorders". Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, June 2008.

7. Depression in the future will be almost as dangerous as HIV

According to the WHO forecast, by 2030, depression will take second place among causes of disability (HIV will hold the palm tree). The greatest impact of depression will be on innovative economies: a protracted disease affects memory and ability to concentrate, which is more important for a programmer or engineer than, say, a cotton picker. And this despite the fact that medical systems even in developed countries are not effective enough to treat this disease: in medical insurance treatment for depression either does not turn on at all, or provides only basic and most often ineffective methods of drug treatment, while more modern require additional payment.

* World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Non-communicable Diseases 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.

read also Food for Depression Text: Ilya Nosyrev
Подробнее

7 facts about depression


According to the World Health Organization, every twentieth adult inhabitant of the planet suffers from depression today. And over the years this mental disorder becomes more and more common and dangerous *.

1. Women suffer from depression more often than men

Depression affects both sexes, but women face it about twice as often as men - about 70% of antidepressant prescriptions doctors prescribe to women. Its influence is exerted both by biochemistry (after all, some of the mechanisms of the development of depression involve female hormones - estrogens), as well as a large number of social roles belonging to women and associated with these roles responsibility. However, partly this "gender inequality" is explained by the fact that men are less likely to turn to psychologists and, as a consequence, the cases of depression that has befallen them simply do not fall into statistics. Depression is one of the most important risks that threaten the mental health of women between the ages of 18 and 35-40. In developing countries, every tenth young mother suffers from postnatal depression, and about half of them do not receive the necessary medical care at all.In developed countries, the risk is different: the excessive use of antidepressant drugs by women without prescribing a doctor, leading to dependence.

M. Marcus et al. "Depression: A Global Public Health Concern". WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, 2012.

E. McGrath et al. "Women and depression: Risk factors and treatment issues". American Psychological Association, 1990.

2. In the development of depression plays the role of genetics

If one of your parents, brother or sister survived depression, the likelihood that you will face this problem is 2-3 times higher than in those people whose close relatives have never been exposed to this disease. There is no "depressive gene", however, a predisposition is caused by a whole complex of different genes. The risk of developing the disease is often due to the low content of the "hormone of joy" in the blood - serotonin (the action of many antidepressants is based on the stabilization of the level of serotonin in the blood). The more pronounced depression is, the higher the probability that its occurrence has a certain genetic basis. Of other causes that predispose to depression already in childhood, it is possible to mention non-genetic ones - for example, humiliations, which the child was subjected to in childhood, and early loss of parents.

P. McGuffin et al."Whole genome linkage scan of recurrent depressive disorder from the Depression Network Study." Human Molecular Genetics, 2005.

A. Farmer "Humiliation, loss and other types of life events and difficulties: a comparison of depressed subjects, healthy controls and their siblings". Psychological Medicine, 2003.

3. Depression can not always be cured with medicines

Approximately every second of those who received a prescription from the doctor, is faced with the fact that the medicine the doctor prescribed was not helpful at all. There is even a special term "therapeutically resistant depression", which denotes just such a form of ailment - this diagnosis is put after six weeks of unsuccessful treatment, after which a new treatment is appointed - sometimes as unsuccessful as the previous one. By the way, it is here that genetics, apparently, plays an important role: how the brain and body are able to cope with the processes leading to the development of depression, leaves an imprint on the perception of the body of drugs. It is interesting that the more severe the depression, the more effective the medicines against it - the "cannon volley" helps against difficult cases, but with moderate forms it can even damage.

Jay C. Fournier et al. "Antidepressant Drug Effects and Depression Severity: A Patient-Level Meta-analysis." JAMA, 2010.

read also how to treat trees 4. Therapeutic conversation is more effective than drugs

A session of psychotherapy can help more than Zoloft or Prozac: if it is a question of moderate forms of depression, periodic visits to the therapist are more useful than medications.In any case, therapeutic conversation combined with drugs is more effective than just medication. And psychotherapy is absolutely indispensable for people to whom medicines are contraindicated, for example, pregnant or lactating women.

R. DeRubeis et al. "Cognitive therapy versus medication for depression: treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms." Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9.

5. Depression can cause hallucinations

Fantastic images that a person can see in reality are usually associated with more serious ailments - such as dementia or Parkinson's disease. However, depression is also capable of changing reality for the one who is exposed to it. Moreover, this symptom is widespread: about 20% of people suffering from depression have at least once faced with hallucinations. A study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry found that about half of those teenagers who hear mysterious voices in their heads suffer from various nonpsychotic disorders - in particular, depression. It is curious that in these cases doctors are more successful in using shock therapy than conventional means of treatment - for example, hallucinations, oddly enough, can often be cured by depriving the patient of sleep.

I. Kelleher et al."Clinicopathological significance of psychotic symptoms in non-psychotic young people: evidence from four population-based studies". British Journal of Psychiatry, April 2012.

6. Depression is often subject to creative personality

The biographers of many great people would agree with this fact: the famous musicians (Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig Beethoven), the painters (Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch), the writers (Edgar Poe, Jack London), the religious figures (Martin Luther ) and even politics (Winston Churchill). In the last decades of the 21st century, the first serious attempts were made to confirm this fact by statistics: for example, in a 1994 study, in-depth interviews were conducted with 59 authors of books participating in the Women Writers' Conference, which is held annually at the University of Kentucky (USA). It turned out that the majority of participants in the study are susceptible to various depressions, mania, panic attacks. Explanations for this phenomenon are offered different - from the hypothesis that a particular brain device allows people who are prone to depression to see and feel what others do not see (as a result of which they come to art), to the banal version that innate artistry predisposes people spend all the time on creativity,while the growing com- munity problems are deeper and deeper.

A. Ludwig "Mental illness and creative activity in female writers". American Journal of Psychiatry, 1994.

N. Andreasen "The relationship between creativity and mood disorders". Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, June 2008.

7. Depression in the future will be almost as dangerous as HIV

According to the WHO forecast, by 2030, depression will take second place among causes of disability (HIV will hold the palm tree). The greatest impact of depression will be on innovative economies: a protracted disease affects memory and ability to concentrate, which is more important for a programmer or engineer than, say, a cotton picker. And this despite the fact that medical systems even in developed countries are not effective enough to treat this disease: in medical insurance treatment for depression either does not turn on at all, or provides only basic and most often ineffective methods of drug treatment, while more modern require additional payment.

* World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Non-communicable Diseases 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.

read also Food for Depression Text: Ilya Nosyrev
Подробнее

7 facts about depression


According to the World Health Organization, every twentieth adult inhabitant of the planet suffers from depression today. And over the years this mental disorder becomes more and more common and dangerous *.

1. Women suffer from depression more often than men

Depression affects both sexes, but women face it about twice as often as men - about 70% of antidepressant prescriptions doctors prescribe to women. Its influence is exerted both by biochemistry (after all, some of the mechanisms of the development of depression involve female hormones - estrogens), as well as a large number of social roles belonging to women and associated with these roles responsibility. However, partly this "gender inequality" is explained by the fact that men are less likely to turn to psychologists and, as a consequence, the cases of depression that has befallen them simply do not fall into statistics. Depression is one of the most important risks that threaten the mental health of women between the ages of 18 and 35-40. In developing countries, every tenth young mother suffers from postnatal depression, and about half of them do not receive the necessary medical care at all.In developed countries, the risk is different: the excessive use of antidepressant drugs by women without prescribing a doctor, leading to dependence.

M. Marcus et al. "Depression: A Global Public Health Concern". WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, 2012.

E. McGrath et al. "Women and depression: Risk factors and treatment issues". American Psychological Association, 1990.

2. In the development of depression plays the role of genetics

If one of your parents, brother or sister survived depression, the likelihood that you will face this problem is 2-3 times higher than in those people whose close relatives have never been exposed to this disease. There is no "depressive gene", however, a predisposition is caused by a whole complex of different genes. The risk of developing the disease is often due to the low content of the "hormone of joy" in the blood - serotonin (the action of many antidepressants is based on the stabilization of the level of serotonin in the blood). The more pronounced depression is, the higher the probability that its occurrence has a certain genetic basis. Of other causes that predispose to depression already in childhood, it is possible to mention non-genetic ones - for example, humiliations, which the child was subjected to in childhood, and early loss of parents.

P. McGuffin et al."Whole genome linkage scan of recurrent depressive disorder from the Depression Network Study." Human Molecular Genetics, 2005.

A. Farmer "Humiliation, loss and other types of life events and difficulties: a comparison of depressed subjects, healthy controls and their siblings". Psychological Medicine, 2003.

3. Depression can not always be cured with medicines

Approximately every second of those who received a prescription from the doctor, is faced with the fact that the medicine the doctor prescribed was not helpful at all. There is even a special term "therapeutically resistant depression", which denotes just such a form of ailment - this diagnosis is put after six weeks of unsuccessful treatment, after which a new treatment is appointed - sometimes as unsuccessful as the previous one. By the way, it is here that genetics, apparently, plays an important role: how the brain and body are able to cope with the processes leading to the development of depression, leaves an imprint on the perception of the body of drugs. It is interesting that the more severe the depression, the more effective the medicines against it - the "cannon volley" helps against difficult cases, but with moderate forms it can even damage.

Jay C. Fournier et al. "Antidepressant Drug Effects and Depression Severity: A Patient-Level Meta-analysis." JAMA, 2010.

read also how to treat trees 4. Therapeutic conversation is more effective than drugs

A session of psychotherapy can help more than Zoloft or Prozac: if it is a question of moderate forms of depression, periodic visits to the therapist are more useful than medications.In any case, therapeutic conversation combined with drugs is more effective than just medication. And psychotherapy is absolutely indispensable for people to whom medicines are contraindicated, for example, pregnant or lactating women.

R. DeRubeis et al. "Cognitive therapy versus medication for depression: treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms." Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9.

5. Depression can cause hallucinations

Fantastic images that a person can see in reality are usually associated with more serious ailments - such as dementia or Parkinson's disease. However, depression is also capable of changing reality for the one who is exposed to it. Moreover, this symptom is widespread: about 20% of people suffering from depression have at least once faced with hallucinations. A study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry found that about half of those teenagers who hear mysterious voices in their heads suffer from various nonpsychotic disorders - in particular, depression. It is curious that in these cases doctors are more successful in using shock therapy than conventional means of treatment - for example, hallucinations, oddly enough, can often be cured by depriving the patient of sleep.

I. Kelleher et al."Clinicopathological significance of psychotic symptoms in non-psychotic young people: evidence from four population-based studies". British Journal of Psychiatry, April 2012.

6. Depression is often subject to creative personality

The biographers of many great people would agree with this fact: the famous musicians (Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig Beethoven), the painters (Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch), the writers (Edgar Poe, Jack London), the religious figures (Martin Luther ) and even politics (Winston Churchill). In the last decades of the 21st century, the first serious attempts were made to confirm this fact by statistics: for example, in a 1994 study, in-depth interviews were conducted with 59 authors of books participating in the Women Writers' Conference, which is held annually at the University of Kentucky (USA). It turned out that the majority of participants in the study are susceptible to various depressions, mania, panic attacks. Explanations for this phenomenon are offered different - from the hypothesis that a particular brain device allows people who are prone to depression to see and feel what others do not see (as a result of which they come to art), to the banal version that innate artistry predisposes people spend all the time on creativity,while the growing com- munity problems are deeper and deeper.

A. Ludwig "Mental illness and creative activity in female writers". American Journal of Psychiatry, 1994.

N. Andreasen "The relationship between creativity and mood disorders". Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, June 2008.

7. Depression in the future will be almost as dangerous as HIV

According to the WHO forecast, by 2030, depression will take second place among causes of disability (HIV will hold the palm tree). The greatest impact of depression will be on innovative economies: a protracted disease affects memory and ability to concentrate, which is more important for a programmer or engineer than, say, a cotton picker. And this despite the fact that medical systems even in developed countries are not effective enough to treat this disease: in medical insurance treatment for depression either does not turn on at all, or provides only basic and most often ineffective methods of drug treatment, while more modern require additional payment.

* World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Non-communicable Diseases 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.

read also Food for Depression Text: Ilya Nosyrev
Подробнее

Food from depression


When later I chose a specialization in neuropsychology, the matter was even simpler there: I did not hear a word about the relationship between nutrition and the risk of mental illness, including depression. It took me twenty years to discover that doctors like me know about the relationship between food and health much less than any reader of the journal Psychologies! But in my practice, I often met such patients as Robert, a 50-year-old official from England.

Since childhood, he was sluggish, slow-moving, quickly tired, he had trouble concentrating. He never felt himself capable of "acting promptly" and generally "being like others". Robert has long lived with the diagnosis of "chronic depression, not amenable to drug treatment," when suddenly a doctor asked him how he eats.

Like most Englishmen, he ate mostly meat, sausages, white bread, baked pastries, sauces and dairy products, loved deep-fried foods, and had a great weakness for a variety of sweets. Gradually, the doctor persuaded him to switch to the so-called Mediterranean diet: there are more vegetables andfruit, less meat, preferably fish, as few sweets as possible, etc.

And one morning, Robert woke up with the feeling that the first day of spring was outside the window: the usual heaviness in his head disappeared, fatigue passed. He felt light in the body, which he still does not know, and at the same time she seemed completely natural to him. I would not tell you this story if it was just one case or even ten. But the connection between the standard "Western" style of eating and depression confirmed scientific research.

Scientists at the French Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm), a colleague from the Department of Health of the University College of London, have shown that people who eat at least five years "in the Western manner", approximately 60% increase their risk of being depressed *. Perhaps this is due to the fact that sugar, white flour and animal fats strengthen the inflammatory processes in the body and brain and this affects our neurons, thoughts and mood. It is amazing, in fact, not even that food can affect the body and mind so much, but rather the fact that it was necessary to wait for the end of 2009, so that such a study was finally published in a serious international medical journal!

In the future, we still have a lot of work to do to make the lectures on nutritionalism (the doctrine of health improvement by changing nutrition) become part of medical education. And in the next few years, I fear, Psychologies subscribers will still have to rely on their own reader preferences in this respect - they will help them turn the kitchen into a good health studio.

* T. Akbaraly et al. "Dietary pattern and depressive symptoms in middle age." The British Journal of Psychiatry, 2009, vol. 195, issue 5.

Read also Taste to lifeTaste to life

The level of our vitality depends largely on what we eat every day. How to get enough power to have enough for the whole day? Comments of the doctor-nutritionalist Tatyana Sorvacheva.

Food for brainFood for brain

Excess weight arises from a disturbance in brain nutrition, says Achim Peters, a professor at the University of Lübeck in Germany, the author of the "brain-egoist" hypothesis.

Photo source: Getty Images
Подробнее

7 facts about depression


According to the World Health Organization, every twentieth adult inhabitant of the planet suffers from depression today. And over the years this mental disorder becomes more and more common and dangerous *.

1. Women suffer from depression more often than men

Depression affects both sexes, but women face it about twice as often as men - about 70% of antidepressant prescriptions doctors prescribe to women. Its influence is exerted both by biochemistry (after all, some of the mechanisms of the development of depression involve female hormones - estrogens), as well as a large number of social roles belonging to women and associated with these roles responsibility. However, partly this "gender inequality" is explained by the fact that men are less likely to turn to psychologists and, as a consequence, the cases of depression that has befallen them simply do not fall into statistics. Depression is one of the most important risks that threaten the mental health of women between the ages of 18 and 35-40. In developing countries, every tenth young mother suffers from postnatal depression, and about half of them do not receive the necessary medical care at all.In developed countries, the risk is different: the excessive use of antidepressant drugs by women without prescribing a doctor, leading to dependence.

M. Marcus et al. "Depression: A Global Public Health Concern". WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, 2012.

E. McGrath et al. "Women and depression: Risk factors and treatment issues". American Psychological Association, 1990.

2. In the development of depression plays the role of genetics

If one of your parents, brother or sister survived depression, the likelihood that you will face this problem is 2-3 times higher than in those people whose close relatives have never been exposed to this disease. There is no "depressive gene", however, a predisposition is caused by a whole complex of different genes. The risk of developing the disease is often due to the low content of the "hormone of joy" in the blood - serotonin (the action of many antidepressants is based on the stabilization of the level of serotonin in the blood). The more pronounced depression is, the higher the probability that its occurrence has a certain genetic basis. Of other causes that predispose to depression already in childhood, it is possible to mention non-genetic ones - for example, humiliations, which the child was subjected to in childhood, and early loss of parents.

P. McGuffin et al."Whole genome linkage scan of recurrent depressive disorder from the Depression Network Study." Human Molecular Genetics, 2005.

A. Farmer "Humiliation, loss and other types of life events and difficulties: a comparison of depressed subjects, healthy controls and their siblings". Psychological Medicine, 2003.

3. Depression can not always be cured with medicines

Approximately every second of those who received a prescription from the doctor, is faced with the fact that the medicine the doctor prescribed was not helpful at all. There is even a special term "therapeutically resistant depression", which denotes just such a form of ailment - this diagnosis is put after six weeks of unsuccessful treatment, after which a new treatment is appointed - sometimes as unsuccessful as the previous one. By the way, it is here that genetics, apparently, plays an important role: how the brain and body are able to cope with the processes leading to the development of depression, leaves an imprint on the perception of the body of drugs. It is interesting that the more severe the depression, the more effective the medicines against it - the "cannon volley" helps against difficult cases, but with moderate forms it can even damage.

Jay C. Fournier et al. "Antidepressant Drug Effects and Depression Severity: A Patient-Level Meta-analysis." JAMA, 2010.

read also how to treat trees 4. Therapeutic conversation is more effective than drugs

A session of psychotherapy can help more than Zoloft or Prozac: if it is a question of moderate forms of depression, periodic visits to the therapist are more useful than medications.In any case, therapeutic conversation combined with drugs is more effective than just medication. And psychotherapy is absolutely indispensable for people to whom medicines are contraindicated, for example, pregnant or lactating women.

R. DeRubeis et al. "Cognitive therapy versus medication for depression: treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms." Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9.

5. Depression can cause hallucinations

Fantastic images that a person can see in reality are usually associated with more serious ailments - such as dementia or Parkinson's disease. However, depression is also capable of changing reality for the one who is exposed to it. Moreover, this symptom is widespread: about 20% of people suffering from depression have at least once faced with hallucinations. A study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry found that about half of those teenagers who hear mysterious voices in their heads suffer from various nonpsychotic disorders - in particular, depression. It is curious that in these cases doctors are more successful in using shock therapy than conventional means of treatment - for example, hallucinations, oddly enough, can often be cured by depriving the patient of sleep.

I. Kelleher et al."Clinicopathological significance of psychotic symptoms in non-psychotic young people: evidence from four population-based studies". British Journal of Psychiatry, April 2012.

6. Depression is often subject to creative personality

The biographers of many great people would agree with this fact: the famous musicians (Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig Beethoven), the painters (Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch), the writers (Edgar Poe, Jack London), the religious figures (Martin Luther ) and even politics (Winston Churchill). In the last decades of the 21st century, the first serious attempts were made to confirm this fact by statistics: for example, in a 1994 study, in-depth interviews were conducted with 59 authors of books participating in the Women Writers' Conference, which is held annually at the University of Kentucky (USA). It turned out that the majority of participants in the study are susceptible to various depressions, mania, panic attacks. Explanations for this phenomenon are offered different - from the hypothesis that a particular brain device allows people who are prone to depression to see and feel what others do not see (as a result of which they come to art), to the banal version that innate artistry predisposes people spend all the time on creativity,while the growing com- munity problems are deeper and deeper.

A. Ludwig "Mental illness and creative activity in female writers". American Journal of Psychiatry, 1994.

N. Andreasen "The relationship between creativity and mood disorders". Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, June 2008.

7. Depression in the future will be almost as dangerous as HIV

According to the WHO forecast, by 2030, depression will take second place among causes of disability (HIV will hold the palm tree). The greatest impact of depression will be on innovative economies: a protracted disease affects memory and ability to concentrate, which is more important for a programmer or engineer than, say, a cotton picker. And this despite the fact that medical systems even in developed countries are not effective enough to treat this disease: in medical insurance treatment for depression either does not turn on at all, or provides only basic and most often ineffective methods of drug treatment, while more modern require additional payment.

* World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Non-communicable Diseases 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.

read also Food for Depression Text: Ilya Nosyrev
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The power of imagination against overeating


Imagine a freshly cut slice of lemon. What will you feel? Most people will have a sour taste in their mouths and actively develop saliva, although there is not a single lemon nearby. The same thing happens when we immerse ourselves in an interesting book. In themselves, small black icons on white paper are not capable of capturing us, but they make our imagination work, cause mental images that touch us, create an emotional and physical connection with the book, do not give it away.

This property of the brain is built advertising, including food advertising. The picture can not be eaten, but looking at it, we create a mental image that stimulates physical reactions - increases appetite, and it is difficult for us to resist overeating.

read also How to train yourself to a healthy diet? 5 scientific ways

The flow of food advertising pours on us continuously and from all sides - huge chocolate sweets on street billboards, hot pizza with melting cheese on the screen and so on. Food stylists and food pornographers strengthen our reaction several times, masterfully using in the advertising of food the achievements of the art of cinema and photography: large pictures, color pictures,close-up - all this affects the imagination more than small black and white images.

read also Five ways to get out of the New Year's gluttony

Due to the fact that our brain is forced to constantly process a huge number of images associated with food, it is very difficult to resist temptations. The German psychotherapist, director of the Institute for Nutrition in Hamburg, Kora Besser-Sigmund, proposes a solution - to install a protective filter in her head, which will help to avoid excessive nutritional stimuli *.

Take a beautiful cookbook or a culinary magazine. Select 15-20 most appetizing, in your opinion, pictures. Print them in black and white on the printer. And now compare the received copies and originals in pairs - you can put a copy on the next page of the book near the color picture or, if you took a magazine, decompose pairs of photos into transparent files, so that on one side there was a color and on the other hand black and white.

read also Why I eat it? How to overcome food dependence

1. Sit quietly before your paired pictures and first pick up the colored one.Let the seductive impulse act on you for about 10 seconds. Then quickly replace the color picture with black and white and look at it twice as long, about 20 seconds. Focus on your feelings - you will feel how the temptation coming from the food shown in the picture is gradually coming to naught. Little by little you "cool" your appetite and sober, illusions go away - a pleasant feeling of freedom returns to you. Repeat this exercise for three days for 5 minutes. It is also possible from time to time to sort through magazine cuttings a minute or two.

2. After three days, check whether the training brought the result. Bring a colored picture to your eyes. Close your eyes and mentally turn it into black and white, "expelling" all colors from it. Feel the pleasant feeling of physical liberation from the power of these obsessive images, disappointment in them.

Read also How to build a diet on the LCHF diet? Tips from Sam Klebanov

3. After another three days you can go to training in the real world. Spread your workouts on ... a fridge, a supermarket and a laid table. When you see real food, mentally replace it with a black and white picture, using the power of your imagination, and again feel a sense of liberation.

"Already after a week of training, the brain will master this new way of perceiving food objects and will automatically carry out the procedure of" disappointment "- like a child who, having mastered the multiplication table for a week, starts to give correct answers without any problems," says Kora Besser-Sigmund.

Try differently adjusting the food filter to find out what works best in your case. Look at the pictures with the products through the strong color filters: blue, purple, green, yellow. Mentally reduce the size of the pictures or increase them to fantastic sizes: for example, imagine chocolate truffles the size of a haystack, cakes with a carousel and so on. So in the end you will find something that acts on you as efficiently as possible.

* K. Besser-Sigmund "How to stop bulimia" (Arnebia, 2008).

Read also Tasty food without guilt Text: Ksenia Tatarnikova
Подробнее

The power of imagination against overeating


Imagine a freshly cut slice of lemon. What will you feel? Most people will have a sour taste in their mouths and actively develop saliva, although there is not a single lemon nearby. The same thing happens when we immerse ourselves in an interesting book. In themselves, small black icons on white paper are not capable of capturing us, but they make our imagination work, cause mental images that touch us, create an emotional and physical connection with the book, do not give it away.

This property of the brain is built advertising, including food advertising. The picture can not be eaten, but looking at it, we create a mental image that stimulates physical reactions - increases appetite, and it is difficult for us to resist overeating.

read also How to train yourself to a healthy diet? 5 scientific ways

The flow of food advertising pours on us continuously and from all sides - huge chocolate sweets on street billboards, hot pizza with melting cheese on the screen and so on. Food stylists and food pornographers strengthen our reaction several times, masterfully using in the advertising of food the achievements of the art of cinema and photography: large pictures, color pictures,close-up - all this affects the imagination more than small black and white images.

read also Five ways to get out of the New Year's gluttony

Due to the fact that our brain is forced to constantly process a huge number of images associated with food, it is very difficult to resist temptations. The German psychotherapist, director of the Institute for Nutrition in Hamburg, Kora Besser-Sigmund, proposes a solution - to install a protective filter in her head, which will help to avoid excessive nutritional stimuli *.

Take a beautiful cookbook or a culinary magazine. Select 15-20 most appetizing, in your opinion, pictures. Print them in black and white on the printer. And now compare the received copies and originals in pairs - you can put a copy on the next page of the book near the color picture or, if you took a magazine, decompose pairs of photos into transparent files, so that on one side there was a color and on the other hand black and white.

read also Why I eat it? How to overcome food dependence

1. Sit quietly before your paired pictures and first pick up the colored one.Let the seductive impulse act on you for about 10 seconds. Then quickly replace the color picture with black and white and look at it twice as long, about 20 seconds. Focus on your feelings - you will feel how the temptation coming from the food shown in the picture is gradually coming to naught. Little by little you "cool" your appetite and sober, illusions go away - a pleasant feeling of freedom returns to you. Repeat this exercise for three days for 5 minutes. It is also possible from time to time to sort through magazine cuttings a minute or two.

2. After three days, check whether the training brought the result. Bring a colored picture to your eyes. Close your eyes and mentally turn it into black and white, "expelling" all colors from it. Feel the pleasant feeling of physical liberation from the power of these obsessive images, disappointment in them.

Read also How to build a diet on the LCHF diet? Tips from Sam Klebanov

3. After another three days you can go to training in the real world. Spread your workouts on ... a fridge, a supermarket and a laid table. When you see real food, mentally replace it with a black and white picture, using the power of your imagination, and again feel a sense of liberation.

"Already after a week of training, the brain will master this new way of perceiving food objects and will automatically carry out the procedure of" disappointment "- like a child who, having mastered the multiplication table for a week, starts to give correct answers without any problems," says Kora Besser-Sigmund.

Try differently adjusting the food filter to find out what works best in your case. Look at the pictures with the products through the strong color filters: blue, purple, green, yellow. Mentally reduce the size of the pictures or increase them to fantastic sizes: for example, imagine chocolate truffles the size of a haystack, cakes with a carousel and so on. So in the end you will find something that acts on you as efficiently as possible.

* K. Besser-Sigmund "How to stop bulimia" (Arnebia, 2008).

Read also Tasty food without guilt Text: Ksenia Tatarnikova
Подробнее

The power of imagination against overeating


Imagine a freshly cut slice of lemon. What will you feel? Most people will have a sour taste in their mouths and actively develop saliva, although there is not a single lemon nearby. The same thing happens when we immerse ourselves in an interesting book. In themselves, small black icons on white paper are not capable of capturing us, but they make our imagination work, cause mental images that touch us, create an emotional and physical connection with the book, do not give it away.

This property of the brain is built advertising, including food advertising. The picture can not be eaten, but looking at it, we create a mental image that stimulates physical reactions - increases appetite, and it is difficult for us to resist overeating.

read also How to train yourself to a healthy diet? 5 scientific ways

The flow of food advertising pours on us continuously and from all sides - huge chocolate sweets on street billboards, hot pizza with melting cheese on the screen and so on. Food stylists and food pornographers strengthen our reaction several times, masterfully using in the advertising of food the achievements of the art of cinema and photography: large pictures, color pictures,close-up - all this affects the imagination more than small black and white images.

read also Five ways to get out of the New Year's gluttony

Due to the fact that our brain is forced to constantly process a huge number of images associated with food, it is very difficult to resist temptations. The German psychotherapist, director of the Institute for Nutrition in Hamburg, Kora Besser-Sigmund, proposes a solution - to install a protective filter in her head, which will help to avoid excessive nutritional stimuli *.

Take a beautiful cookbook or a culinary magazine. Select 15-20 most appetizing, in your opinion, pictures. Print them in black and white on the printer. And now compare the received copies and originals in pairs - you can put a copy on the next page of the book near the color picture or, if you took a magazine, decompose pairs of photos into transparent files, so that on one side there was a color and on the other hand black and white.

read also Why I eat it? How to overcome food dependence

1. Sit quietly before your paired pictures and first pick up the colored one.Let the seductive impulse act on you for about 10 seconds. Then quickly replace the color picture with black and white and look at it twice as long, about 20 seconds. Focus on your feelings - you will feel how the temptation coming from the food shown in the picture is gradually coming to naught. Little by little you "cool" your appetite and sober, illusions go away - a pleasant feeling of freedom returns to you. Repeat this exercise for three days for 5 minutes. It is also possible from time to time to sort through magazine cuttings a minute or two.

2. After three days, check whether the training brought the result. Bring a colored picture to your eyes. Close your eyes and mentally turn it into black and white, "expelling" all colors from it. Feel the pleasant feeling of physical liberation from the power of these obsessive images, disappointment in them.

Read also How to build a diet on the LCHF diet? Tips from Sam Klebanov

3. After another three days you can go to training in the real world. Spread your workouts on ... a fridge, a supermarket and a laid table. When you see real food, mentally replace it with a black and white picture, using the power of your imagination, and again feel a sense of liberation.

"Already after a week of training, the brain will master this new way of perceiving food objects and will automatically carry out the procedure of" disappointment "- like a child who, having mastered the multiplication table for a week, starts to give correct answers without any problems," says Kora Besser-Sigmund.

Try differently adjusting the food filter to find out what works best in your case. Look at the pictures with the products through the strong color filters: blue, purple, green, yellow. Mentally reduce the size of the pictures or increase them to fantastic sizes: for example, imagine chocolate truffles the size of a haystack, cakes with a carousel and so on. So in the end you will find something that acts on you as efficiently as possible.

* K. Besser-Sigmund "How to stop bulimia" (Arnebia, 2008).

Read also Tasty food without guilt Text: Ksenia Tatarnikova
Подробнее

The power of imagination against overeating


Imagine a freshly cut slice of lemon. What will you feel? Most people will have a sour taste in their mouths and actively develop saliva, although there is not a single lemon nearby. The same thing happens when we immerse ourselves in an interesting book. In themselves, small black icons on white paper are not capable of capturing us, but they make our imagination work, cause mental images that touch us, create an emotional and physical connection with the book, do not give it away.

This property of the brain is built advertising, including food advertising. The picture can not be eaten, but looking at it, we create a mental image that stimulates physical reactions - increases appetite, and it is difficult for us to resist overeating.

read also How to train yourself to a healthy diet? 5 scientific ways

The flow of food advertising pours on us continuously and from all sides - huge chocolate sweets on street billboards, hot pizza with melting cheese on the screen and so on. Food stylists and food pornographers strengthen our reaction several times, masterfully using in the advertising of food the achievements of the art of cinema and photography: large pictures, color pictures,close-up - all this affects the imagination more than small black and white images.

read also Five ways to get out of the New Year's gluttony

Due to the fact that our brain is forced to constantly process a huge number of images associated with food, it is very difficult to resist temptations. The German psychotherapist, director of the Institute for Nutrition in Hamburg, Kora Besser-Sigmund, proposes a solution - to install a protective filter in her head, which will help to avoid excessive nutritional stimuli *.

Take a beautiful cookbook or a culinary magazine. Select 15-20 most appetizing, in your opinion, pictures. Print them in black and white on the printer. And now compare the received copies and originals in pairs - you can put a copy on the next page of the book near the color picture or, if you took a magazine, decompose pairs of photos into transparent files, so that on one side there was a color and on the other hand black and white.

read also Why I eat it? How to overcome food dependence

1. Sit quietly before your paired pictures and first pick up the colored one.Let the seductive impulse act on you for about 10 seconds. Then quickly replace the color picture with black and white and look at it twice as long, about 20 seconds. Focus on your feelings - you will feel how the temptation coming from the food shown in the picture is gradually coming to naught. Little by little you "cool" your appetite and sober, illusions go away - a pleasant feeling of freedom returns to you. Repeat this exercise for three days for 5 minutes. It is also possible from time to time to sort through magazine cuttings a minute or two.

2. After three days, check whether the training brought the result. Bring a colored picture to your eyes. Close your eyes and mentally turn it into black and white, "expelling" all colors from it. Feel the pleasant feeling of physical liberation from the power of these obsessive images, disappointment in them.

Read also How to build a diet on the LCHF diet? Tips from Sam Klebanov

3. After another three days you can go to training in the real world. Spread your workouts on ... a fridge, a supermarket and a laid table. When you see real food, mentally replace it with a black and white picture, using the power of your imagination, and again feel a sense of liberation.

"Already after a week of training, the brain will master this new way of perceiving food objects and will automatically carry out the procedure of" disappointment "- like a child who, having mastered the multiplication table for a week, starts to give correct answers without any problems," says Kora Besser-Sigmund.

Try differently adjusting the food filter to find out what works best in your case. Look at the pictures with the products through the strong color filters: blue, purple, green, yellow. Mentally reduce the size of the pictures or increase them to fantastic sizes: for example, imagine chocolate truffles the size of a haystack, cakes with a carousel and so on. So in the end you will find something that acts on you as efficiently as possible.

* K. Besser-Sigmund "How to stop bulimia" (Arnebia, 2008).

Read also Tasty food without guilt Text: Ksenia Tatarnikova
Подробнее